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Tutorials

Tutorials on a wide range of topics in earthquake science and engineering, earthquake hazards and risk and their mitigation were sponsored by the Northern California Chapter and offered during the 100th Anniversary Conference Commemorating the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. The purpose of the tutorials was to provide the information on basic principles to both professionals and laypersons and anyone who has a stake in earthquake hazard mitigation. Tutorials such as "The What, Where, and How of Earthquakes;" "Basic Principals of Earthquake Engineering of Buildings;" "Effective Government Programs in Earthquake Mitigation and How to Obtain Funding;" "How to Evaluate and Retrofit Your Own Home;" and "Insuring Your Home for Earthquakes" were offered in the afternoons every day of the conference. Each tutorial lasted from two to four hours and was taught by an expert in the respective field. Professional engineers, geologists, architects, teachers, government officials, building owners and managers, insurance professional, and homeowners can benefit from taking one or more of these tutorials. Through education, we can reduce losses and improve disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.  

Monday 4/17 Tuesday 4/18 Wednesday 4/19 Thursday 4/20 Friday 4/21
Monday - April 17, 2006
1:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
  State-of-the-Art Technologies:
Base Isolation, Damping Systems, and Buckling Restrained Braces - Protection of Nonstructural Elements of Building Contents:

Instructors: Ron Mayes, Rene Vignos

Download PDF here:
Vignos PDF
  The focus of this tutorial will be on implementation of state of the art technologies – base isolation, viscous damping systems and buckling restrained braces and how the first two provide the highest level of seismic protection currently available. The tutorial will be presented by practicing professionals that have had direct responsibility for major projects. The first hour of the tutorial will be appropriate for any one interested in learning about the basic aspects of these technologies and the business reasons why a building owner may want to consider higher levels of seismic performance.

Also included will be an overview of the architectural aspects of implementation. The remaining 3 hours will be focused on detailed implementation issues and will be appropriate for practicing engineers, architects and building officials. It will include design, construction and code approval issues and will use completed projects to illustrate the different aspects of implementing each of the technologies. Comparisons will be made of drift and acceleration related performance of some of the systems in order to focus attention on the need to reduce the total dollar cost of damage by protecting the architectural, mechanical, electrical components as well as the contents of the building.
  The What, Where, and How of Earthquakes
Instructors: John Taber, Michael Hubenthal, Jeff Parker, Incorporated Research Institutions of Seismology

Download PDF here:
Taber PDF
  Why are earthquakes concentrated in certain parts of the Earth such as California? What causes earthquakes? Is there any way to predict when the next “Big One” is going to hit? If you would like to learn more about earthquakes, seismology and plate tectonics, this tutorial is for you. Topics to be covered include: causes of earthquakes, earthquakes and plate tectonics, propagation of seismic waves, seismographs, earthquake locations, basic earthquake statistics, public access to seismology data, Earth's interior structure, and earthquake hazards. Activities suitable for use in the classroom or in public presentations will be demonstrated during the workshop.

Principles of Earthquake Engineering of Bridges:
Instructors: Mark Ketchum, Bob Dameron

Download PDFs here:
Ketchum PDF, Dameron PDF
  In the 16 years since the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, the bridge design industry has seen major advances in the complexity and sophistication of seismic structural analysis. Where prior to Loma Prieta, use of nonlinear time history analysis (NTHA) was extremely rare, now its use has spread throughout the industry. The same may be said for application of specialized "pushover" and detailed finite element analysis of bridge components to determine capacities, ductilities, and failure modes. But in what circumstances (bridge complexity, importance, level of seismic hazard, expected damage) are these more complex methods necessary, and what additional insights can be reliably obtained with their use?

This tutorial will summarize the emergence of nonlinear analysis methods in the bridge design industry and identify lessons learned as to when and how such methods should be used. The session will present aspects of nonlinear bridge analysis that have withstood the test of time to now be considered essential ingredients of seismic analysis of bridges. To illustrate, a few project examples will be described.


An Introduction to Tsunamis:
Instructor: Lori Dengler

Download PDFs here:
Tutorial One, Tutorial Two, Tutorial Three, Tutorial Four, Tutorial Five, Tutorial Six

Tsunamis have become a part of our everyday vocabulary since the deadly December 2004 Indian Ocean event. While tsunami awareness has increased, there is still much confusion about what tsunamis are, the tsunami warning system and tsunami mitigation efforts. This tutorial Introduces the mechanics of tsunami waves, evidence and impacts of past tsunamis including the 2004 Indonesian tsunami, tsunami hazard assessment, and internet resources. Explore common tsunami myths and fallacies, case studies of past U.S. tsunamis and what individuals can do to protect themselves. The session will include a "table top" exercise illustrating how the tsunami warning system works and curriculum materials for teachers interested in including tsunamis in the K-12 classroom.
RM 220 Earthquake Safety of Houses and Apartments:
What Owners and Renters Need to Know

Instructor: Andy Thompson
  Is your home safe in a major earthquake? What will your financial loss be? Do you need earthquake insurance? Have you done everything that you can to protect your family? Should you be considering earthquake safety when choosing your next rental apartment building? These questions and more will be addressed in this practical tutorial for people who live in earthquake country. A step-by-step process will be provided by which you can begin to evaluate earthquake risk to your home, and actually do something about it. We will tell you what to look for when buying a home or renting an apartment; how to strengthen your structure; and how to minimize the risks from falling objects, fire, and broken gas lines. We will let you know what to do before, during, and after a quake to protect your family, yourself and your property.

RM 222 Developing a Local Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan:
Instructor: Frank Hauck
  The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 requires counties, cities and special districts have a FEMA approved Local Hazard Mitigation Plan (LHMP) in order to remain eligible for pre and post disaster, federal mitigation project funding. Programs affected by these changes include the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), the Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program, and the Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) grant program.

The four hour tutorial provides local officials with the rules, format, and content requirements of developing single, or multi-jurisdictional LHMPs. including specific information concerning the plan development process, plan content requirements, and the LHMP review and approval process. Instructional materials, including a comprehensive plan development guide, along with directions for obtaining additional technical assistance from OES and FEMA. In addition, OES will provide suggested plan formats (outlines), and discuss FEMA's plan approval requirements. The tutorial will be lead by Frank Hauck who has led over fifty such workshops over the last three years.
RM 230 Safety Assessment Program (SAP) Evaluator Class
Instructor: Michael Sabbaghian
  The California Safety Assessment Program trains and registers licensed civil, structural and geotechnical engineers, licensed architects, and certified building inspectors to evaluate and assess buildings and infrastructure for safety and occupancy in an aftermath of a natural or man-made disaster. The statewide cadre is divided into three types; volunteers, local, and state resources. Formerly known as "ATC-20," this earthquake-based course was broadened by CA OES in 2002 to include floods, destructive winds, and fires. SAP Evaluators were sent to Hurricane Katrina-ravaged areas in late 2005.
  Business Survival- NFPA 1600 in Earthquake Country
Instructor: Bill Greulich, Tom Tobin, Valerie Lucus, Sam Swan, Clelia Baur

Download PDF here:
Greulich PDF
  This tutorial will introduce attendees to the Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs (NFPA 1600). NFPA 1600 has been approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and is endorsed by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Federal 9-11 Commission, the National Emergency Management Association (NEMA), and the International Association of Emergency Managers (IAEM). The tutorial will examine all program elements contained within the Standard. Increased focus will be placed on risk assessment, impact analysis, hazard mitigation, and planning as related to seismic events. The tutorial will help organizations develop robust programs in emergency management, disaster recovery and business continuity.
COMMEMORATION DAY
Tuesday - April 18, 2006
2:00 - 5:30 p.m.
RM 110 The Geology and Paleoseismology of Earthquakes
Instructor: Tom Rockwell
  The tutorial will center around a number of case studies with emphasis on: 1) background on paleoseismology. What we get out of it, what we don't; 2) site selection techniques. What makes a good site (depends on what your goal is - slip rate, timing of past events, slip per event). Utilization of aerial photography, remotely sensed data, lidar, etc.; 3) methodologies in resolving the timing and size of past earthquakes, and slip rates, using both surface and subsurface studies, including 3D trenching; 4) dating strategies. What is best for different environments, what are the inherent uncertainties and how can you quantify them; and 5) discussion on the latitude in interpretation after you have collected a set of data.
  The What, Where and How of Earthquakes (For Teachers)
Instructors: John Taber, Michael Hubenthal, Jeff Parker, Incorporated Research Institutions of Seismology

Download PDFs here:
Hubenthal PDF, Taber PDFs (1, 2)
  Incorporated Research Institutions of Seismology

Why are earthquakes concentrated in certain parts of the Earth such as California? What causes earthquakes? Is there any way to predict when the next “Big One” is going to hit? If you would like to learn more about earthquakes, seismology and plate tectonics, this tutorial is for you. Topics to be covered include: causes of earthquakes, earthquakes and plate tectonics, propagation of seismic waves, seismographs, earthquake locations, basic earthquake statistics, public access to seismology data, Earth's interior structure, and earthquake hazards. Activities suitable for use in the classroom or in public presentations will be demonstrated during the workshop.
  Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings for Seismic Vulnerability
Instructor: Mel Green

Download PDF here:
Green PDF 1, Green PDF 2
  Building owners considering a program to mitigate seismic hazards are often confused about where and how to start a program. FEMA 154 – Second Edition – Rapid Visual Screening is intended to meet this need. Using a “sidewalk” survey, a person knowledgable in an construction can gather the needed information on the individual buildings. The intent of FEMA 154 is to screen out “good” buildings and to suggest a more detailed seismic evaluation of those structures that are questionable. This is done using a simple form with points assigned to various aspects of the building based on construction type, height, soil, and other factors.

This tutorial will instruct students on how to go about performing such a survey, observing a building, filling in the forms, what to do in the case of uncertainty, and computing a building score. Based on this score, a building may be recommended for further analysis or considered acceptable. The presentation will be applicable to all regions of seismicity. The discussion will then cover an actual study of an entire southern California city where a similar survey covered about 2500 buildings of many different occupancies. There will be ample time for questions and discussion about the process and its applicability to various owners and managers. There may be some some opportunity to perfom several site observations in the field as part of this session. The discussion will also include other FEMA developed tools for evaluating and seismically rehabilitating buildings.
  Developing Tsunami Ready Communities:
Instructors: George Crawford, Mark Stewart, David Johnston

Download PDFs here:
Crawford PDF, Steward (1, 2, 3)
  The December 26, 2004, Sumatra earthquake and tsunami served as a grim reminder to those of us who live on the Pacific Rim that we will have to deal with a similar event originating from either a local or distant source in the future. In 2001, the National Weather Service (NWS) began its Tsunami Ready program to provide coastal communities with guidelines for hazard awareness, improved planning, and public education to help them survive in the event of a tsunami strike. A community that meets program criteria may be recognized as Tsunami Ready by the NWS.

However, the Tsunami Ready program only lays a foundation upon which a vulnerable coastal community can build its tsunami awareness and preparedness infrastructure. Washington and other National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program states have applied emergency management principles and scientific products to encourage communities to take steps toward becoming "tsunami resilient." This forum will discuss the development of these products and their application. We also will discuss lessons learned from the Jun 14, 2005 California Earthquake/Tsunami Warning and changes that the warning center, NOAA and Washington have taken as a result from that warning.
RM 220 URMs, Soft Stories, and Other Vulnerable Buildings - What to Do?
Instructors: Pat Buscovich, Laurence Kornfield
  In 1989, the Loma Prieta earthquake collapsed a number of buildings in San Francisco Marina District. In San Francisco, the average ground shaking was 10% g. This is below the threshold of damage for most buildings and this was borne out by the fact of very limited damage in San Francisco except in the bay mud/fill areas. In these areas, the ground acceleration was amplified up to 20% to 25% g. This is the threshold of damage for soft-story, wood framed buildings. In the Marina District, approximately 10 corner soft-story buildings collapsed. The soft-story effect in these buildings was caused by garage door openings on the two street frontages of the corner buildings. In the predicted Bay Area earthquake, the ground acceleration in San Francisco and most of the Bay Area will be in the range above 20% to 25% g, so we can expect similar behavior of buildings throughout the city, as was experienced in the Marina in 1989.

The highest concern among engineers familiar with San Francisco's building stock is the soft-story corner apartment buildings with commercial space (i.e., people) on the ground floor. The number of deaths caused by a collapse of the ground floor of one of these buildings (restaurant, laundry or grocery store) may be significant. The potential of 1000 commercial collapses of the large corner soft-story (building) could cause deaths exceeding thousands of people, exceeding the risk from UMB and non-ductile concrete buildings. The good news is these buildings can easily be retrofitted at a reasonable cost. The first issue is to let the owners and public understand the risk. The second issues is to discuss who pays for the mitigation.
  Post-Earthquake Building Assessment:
Instructors: John Osteraas, Joan MacQuarrie, Zan Turner, Jon Heintz

Download PDFs here:
Turner PDF, Osterass PDFs (1, 2), MacQuarrie PDF, Heintz PDF
  Despite great progress in improvement of our building inventory, a small percentage of buildings will collapse, entombing hundreds. Tens to hundreds of thousands of the remaining buildings will sustain damage ranging from benign cracks to incipient collapse. This tutorial will cover the programs that have been developed at the federal, state, city levels as well as the private sector, to respond to the challenge of rescuing entombed victims, returning folks to their homes, resuming commerce, and assessing and repairing damaged buildings.

Programs to be covered include: (1) Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Urban Search and Rescue Program, (2) California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services Safety Assessment Program, (3) City of San Francisco’s Building Occupancy Resumption Program, and (4) various building damage assessment and repair guidelines that have been developed to assist with safe and efficient repair of damaged buildings.
RM 230 Safety Assessment Program (SAP) Evaluator Class - (continued)
Instructor: Michael Sabbaghian
  The California Safety Assessment Program trains and registers licensed civil, structural and geotechnical engineers, licensed architects, and certified building inspectors to evaluate and assess buildings and infrastructure for safety and occupancy in an aftermath of a natural or man-made disaster. The statewide cadre is divided into three types; volunteers, local, and state resources. Formerly known as "ATC-20," this earthquake-based course was broadened by CA OES in 2002 to include floods, destructive winds, and fires. SAP Evaluators were sent to Hurricane Katrina-ravaged areas in late 2005.
RM 232 The Ten Steps to Making Schools Seismically Safe
Instructors: Arrietta Chakos
  School safety is an issue that challenges all seismically active areas, and warrants the attention of community leaders, education professionals and the hazards community to reduce risk faced by children. Though California law mandates that all schools be seismically safe, the issue is far from simple for parents, teachers and district administrators. Experience demonstrates that school districts rarely evaluate, much less retrofit, existing school facilities. The daunting problem posed by the need to ensure structurally safe schools is a typically low priority given education's widely divergent financial demands.

This panel will explore the interdependent and synergystic roles played by the technical community, parent advocates and government officials to reduce seismic risk in public schools.
  Applying for FEMA Hazard Mitigation Funds
Instructor: Paul Ransom

Download PDF here:
Ransom PDF
  The process for applying for hazard mitigation funding from FEMA is becoming increasingly more complex with the advent of the nationwide Pre-Disaster program, Egrants and a growing base of potential applicants. The tutorial provides information about the similarities and differences among the three hazard mitigation programs, the Egrant system, the California OES electronic Notice of Interest, and how to put together successful applications for a variety of mitigation activities. The course will be taught by Marcia Rentschler, the manager of the Hazard Mitigation Grants Section of the Governor's Office of Emergency Services.
LEARNING FROM THE PAST
Wednesday - April 19, 2006
2:00 - 5:30 p.m.
  San Francisco Bay Area Earthquakes, Faults, and Earthquake Probabilities:
Instructor: David Schwartz

Download PDF here:
Schwartz PDF
  This tutorial focuses on everything you want or need to know about earthquakes in the Bay Area. The San Francisco Bay Area lies within the boundary between the Pacific and North American plates. The Bay Area has the highest density of active faults of any urban center in the Nation. Seismicity in the region has been anomalously low since the 1906 earthquake but earthquake scientists estimate a 62% probability of a large (M │ 6.7) close-in earthquake by the year 2032. Why is the Bay Area the plate boundary and why is this important? What different kinds of faults do we have and where are they? What is the historical earthquake history of the region? Why was the level of earthquake activity so low in the 20th century and what does this mean for the next 30 years?

How do geologists investigate the past history (pre-historical history or fossil earthquakes) of faults to tell how often they move and how large past earthquakes were, and how is this information used to estimate future occurrence? What is the earthquake probability for each fault? How are the Bay Area probabilities calculated, what do they actually mean, and what are their uncertainties? What is the expected shaking from each future earthquake and where will it be strongest in the Bay Area-is it true that you can run but can't hide? Is the Bay Area ready for its next large earthquake? Are you?
RM 111 Earthquakes and the Media:
Instructors: Alan Kropp, Peter Yanev
  You read the morning paper or turn on the evening news and find an important story containing technical material that makes you cringe. Concepts are wrong or explained poorly; professionals are portrayed in an unflattering light; sensationalism abounds. As a result of these types of experiences, many design professionals and scientists try to avoid the media spotlight, assuming that there is little to gain and much to lose. However, it has been our experience that there is much to gain, both personally and professionally, through well-managed interactions with the news media.

In this workshop, we will share experiences and tools to help you successfully engage the news media as a friend rather than a foe. The instructors will host a panel of working reporters from local television, radio and print media to jointly discuss the basic concepts of effective media relations. Our panel will introduce you to the language and culture of reporters, and help you to understand what they are looking for in an interview. We will help you to calibrate what level of technical complexity is appropriate for various media situations, from a television "sound bite" to a full print interview. We will also explore the relationships between design professionals and the news media in a variety of specific scenarios involving politics, hazard education, and business development.
  Basic Principles of Earthquake Loss Estimation - PML and Beyond
Instructors: Stephanie King, Patricia Grossi, Bill Graf

Download PDF here:
King PDF
  Earthquake loss estimates are used in a wide variety of applications - from single-building PML (Probable Maximum Loss) values for mortgage lending and insurance decisions to region-wide distributions of expected casualties for emergency response and recovery. This tutorial will begin with an overview the basic steps in earthquake loss modeling, including estimating site-specific and regional seismic hazard, estimating damage for various types of structures, and estimating social and economic losses. The tutorial will then focus on two primary applications of earthquake loss estimation: (1) PML, AAL (Average Annual Loss) and other financial measures of seismic risk for single building and building portfolio insurance and investment decisions, and (2) Regional loss estimates of damage, downtime, and casualties using HAZUS in the pre- and post-event time-frame for emergency management and public policy decisions.

The instructors will discuss the commonly-used loss modeling tools, including the history of their development, the required input data (and sources for information), the assumptions and limitations, the format of the results, and several examples of their use.
RM 206 International Advocacy for School Safety
Instructors: Marla Petal, Risk RED
International panel of school safety advocates:
Salvano Briceno, U.N. ISDR
Bishnu Pandey, U.N. CRD
Suheyla Sezan - Bogaziši University, Turkey
P.G. Dhar Chakrabarti, Executive Director,
National Institute of Disaster Management - India
Tracy Monk, Founder, Families for School Safety - Vancouver
Ben Wisner, Coalition for Global School Safety
  This participatory interactive tutorial begins with the Coalition for Global School Safety's "Mother Slide Presentation" and Resource CD Rom designed for customization by advocates anywhere. Where previous efforts have targeted policy-makers as decision-makers this one emphasizes students, parents, teachers and community-members as prime decision-makers. Where previous efforts have combined expertise with political power, this one targets coalition-building, information-sharing, networking and dividing the work.

The bridge between knowledge and action must be traversed by professionals and public alike, and must be reinforced with a rudimentary understanding of the principles of seismic-resistant construction, and building maintenance, and with a commitment to using the state-of-the-art in outreach and message-crafting. A momentum is gathering for a worldwide consensus and determination on the moral imperative for children to be safe at school. The devastating Kashmir earthquake, occurring during the school day, claimed the lives of 17,000 school children, bringing into sharp focus this urgent necessity. Panelists and international participants will share the latest information on school safety initiatives worldwide. Participants will engage in collaborative strategic planning, and division of labor to keep the ball rolling.
RM 220 Seismic Hazard Review for Construction of Schools and Hospitals in California
Instructors: Jennifer Thornburg, Robert Sydnor, Bill Staehlin, Wendy Proctor, Cathy Slater, Patrick Rodgers
  Seismology requirements of the California Building Code, as applicable to school and hospital construction. How ground motion is used in design. Ground motion requirements for "new construction" compared with "Division VI-R" of the CBC. Significant changes expected in the 2007 CBC. Overview of what CGS is looking for in geologic hazard reports with regard to: liquefaction analysis, fault rupture hazard, and seismic slope stability. Managing the review process.
  Effective Local Government Programs in Earthquake Mitigation
Instructor: Jeanne Perkins, Dan Lambert, Arrietta Chakos

Download PDFs here:
Perkins PDF, Lambert PDF
  This tutorial is intended to guide local officials or community members to mitigation resources. Practical information will be provided about how local governments can enact sensible strategies to reduce community risk. The focus will be best practices, legislative, funding and technical initiatives that have been successfully implemented in the San Francisco Bay Area, which are adaptable models and are replicable in other at-risk communities. This tutorial is designed to teach communities interested in learning about successful risk reduction approaches without "reinventing the wheel." Because of the inspired work of San Francisco Bay Area leaders, communities that have yet to adopt risk reduction programs can benefit from the pioneering efforts of their neighbors. Two new resources will be used in this tutorial: (1) a compilation of Best Practices that EERI-NC is developing, and (2) ABAG's Local Government Hazard Mitigation Plan.
  Completing the FEMA Benefit Cost Model for Seismic Mitigation Projects
Instructor: Paul Ransom

Download PDF here:
Ransom PDF
  At the heart of the Hazard Mitigation Grant application process is the Benefit Cost Analysis using the FEMA Benefit Cost Analysis models. The four hour class will participants instruct participants about the steps of the process, the logic behind the model, the resources that are required and ways to use the model to demonstrate the maximum benefits of a project. Paul Ransom, the instructor, is OES leading specialist on the use of the model for seismic mitigation projects and has been an instructor for similar courses over the last two years.
ASSESSING THE PRESENT
Thursday - April 20, 2006
2:00 - 5:30 p.m.
  Earthquake Hazards and Hazard Mapping
- From Ground Shaking to Ground Failure:

Instructors: Ivan Wong, Keith Knudsen, Tim McCrink, Bill Bryant

Download PDFs here:
Wong PDF, Knudsen PDF, McCrink PDF, Bryant PDF
  When an earthquake occurs, the ground shakes. Many of you have experienced this, particularly residents of the San Francisco Bay Area in 1989. But why was ground shaking in 1989 so strong in parts of San Francisco and Oakland and less so along the Peninsula? How will this shaking compare to shaking in a big earthquake on the Hayward fault? Why does one area like the Marina District liquefy while others don't? How do we identify areas that can liquefy? Landslides and surface fault rupture are two other earthquake hazards that will impact the San Francisco Bay Area in a future major earthquake. What areas are susceptible to landsliding? The California Geological Survey and others have produced maps for the San Francisco Bay Area of these four hazards.

In this tutorial, we will explain these four seismic hazards, illustrate the physical processes involved, and describe how to estimate their effects. We will explain how CGS hazard maps are being produced and how they should be used.
  Natural Hazard Performance for Utility Systems
Instructor: Stu Nishenko, John Eidinger, Doug Honegger

Download PDFs here:
Werner PDF, Eidinger PDF
  In California, the greatest single natural hazard threat to utility system reliability is the occurrence of a major urban earthquake. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita have increased the urgency for utilities to take the appropriate steps to avoid being overwhelmed by infrequent or extreme events. No single risk management strategy for a utility system can address the needs of all its customers. Determining which actions are appropriate for a specific community requires a specific objective, a clear understanding of earthquake risks relative to other risks faced by the community and potential drawbacks associated with a particular action to improve safety.

This tutorial consists of three presentations on current practices in earthquake risk management for utility system owner/operators and their customers. The first presentation will discuss how utility system performance in natural or human threat events can be assessed based on a Guideline series developed by the American Lifelines Alliance. Utility systems are distributed geographic networks. Current practice in modeling the system performance of utility networks in natural hazard events will be demonstrated using case histories from electric, gas, and public transportation/ water systems in the second presentation. The third presentation will discuss efforts to develop comprehensive policies for improving natural gas safety in California.
  Emergency Response for Neighborhoods
Instructor: Gil Dong

Download PDFs here:
Dong PDF 1, Dong PDF 2
  Learn how to present the 5 Critical Steps of Earthquake Preparedness and Building a Neighborhood Network. Attendees will be able to provide "one- hour neighborhood presentations" to interested neighborhood groups.
  Historic Preservation and Rehabilitation- Regulatory Issues and Approaches
Instructors: Nancy Tennebaum, David Wessel

Download PDF here:
Tennebaum PDF
  The instructors will present how the Secretary of Interior Standards are applied to seismic upgrades of historic buildings. Determining the priorities as well as the structural and historic preservation values of archaic materials will be addressed. Examples, techniques and methods used in seismically upgrading buildings while preserving historic fabric will be shown.
  Use of CISN Display
Instructors: David Oppenheimer, Nick Scheckel

Download PDF here:
Oppenheimer - Scheckel PDF 1, Oppenheimer - Scheckel PDF 2
  The California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN) Display is a real-time earthquake notification system that is easy to use and provides convenient links to additional earthquake information from many Internet sites. The software provides a GIS map of all earthquakes recorded by partners of the Advanced National Seismic System with information on magnitude, epicentral location, and time of occurrence.

For significant earthquakes, additional links may include tsunami information bulletins or warnings from the NOAA tsunami warning centers, ShakeMaps, special reports from seismic network operators, aftershock probabilities, and related information. It can even be programmed to sound audible alarms and send notices to your cell phone for quakes of interest. The software is written in Java and runs on most computers. Bring a laptop and download the Display or just attend and discover the benefits of this state-of-the-art earthquake notification system. The CISN Display software is free and designed for use by emergency managers, utility and lifeline operators, news media, critical facility operators and other organizations.

PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE
Friday - April 21, 2006
1:30 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
  An Introduction to Strong Motion Seismology
Instructors: Norm Abrahamson, Mark Petersen

Download PDFs here:
Abrahamson PDF, Peterson PDF
  Topics in strong motion seismology of interest to the practicing engineer or earth scientist will be presented including descriptions of: deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazard analyses; response spectra and time histories; near-fault effects (forward directivity and fling); site response analysis; the USGS National Hazard Maps; the development of design ground motions; strong motion databases; and selection of design time histories. Important lessons learned from recent large earthquakes (e.g., Chi Chi, Taiwan) will also be discussed.

  How to Communicate With Policy Makers
Instructors: Brian Pallasch, Linda Rowan, Ray Willeman

Download PDF here:
Pallasch - Rowan PDF
  Recent disasters around the world have reminded scientists, engineers and emergency planners about the need to communicate effectively with policymakers about mitigation and preparation for natural hazards from the local level to global networks. This tutorial will provide an introduction to how the U.S. federal government works, how policies are developed and enacted, and how priorities are set for federal spending.

The tutorial is designed for scientists, engineers and emergency planners who would like to learn how to communicate more effectively with policymakers and also learn about current policy issues that focus on natural hazards. There are many ways in which scientists, engineers and emergency planners can provide more input for effective hazards policies and these opportunities will also be highlighted.

  Evaluation and Repair of Earthquake Damaged Buildings
Instructor: Joe Maffei, Bret Lizundia, Brian Kehoe, John Osteraas, ATC

Download PDFs here:
Maffei PDF, Lizundia PDF, Osteraas PDF, Kehoe PDF
  Evaluation and repair of buildings that have been damaged by earthquakes requires special considerations that are not explicitly addressed in current guidelines and standards for seismic assessment and rehabilitation. This tutorial will provide specific guidance on how to quantify the effects of damage on future performance, and how to repair damage to lateral-force-resisting systems consisting of concrete bearing walls, masonry bearing walls, concrete or steel frames with concrete or masonry infill panels, and wood structural panel walls.

The information will be based on the FEMA 306 report, Evaluation of Earthquake-Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings, Basic Procedures Manual, the FEMA 307 report, Evaluation of Earthquake-Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings, Technical Resources, the FEMA 308 report. The Repair of Earthquake-Damaged Concrete and Masonry Wall Buildings, and recent information on the repair of damage to wood-frame structures developed by CUREE. In addition to the use for evaluation and repair of earthquake-damaged buildings, course materials will also provide extensive supplementar data for engineers conducting nonlinear static pushover analyses in accordance with the FEMA 356.

  Seismic Performance of Existing Concrete Buildings
Instructors: Greg Deierlein, Ken Elwood, John Wallace, Dawn Lehman

Download PDFs here:
Deierlein PDF, Elwood PDF, Wallace PDF 1, Wallace PDF 2, Lehman PDF
  This tutorial focuses on methods and criteria to assess concrete buildings designed prior to modern building codes. Lack of ductility and other deficiencies in some of these buildings can lead to severe damage and a potential for collapse during earthquakes. Performance-based earthquake engineering, which has been the focus of research within the PEER Center, provides an effective framework to integrate new test data and analysis models to assess the behavior of existing concrete buildings. Beginning with existing methods in FEMA 356 (ASCE 41), this seminar introduces new information on assessment by nonlinear static and dynamic analysis and improved behavioral models and criteria for reinforced concrete columns, beam-column joints, slab-column joints, and walls. Practicing design professionals, researchers and building code officials will gain valuable information that can be put to practical use to assess the safety of existing buildings.

RM 131 Mock Disaster - The Big One
- Creating a Realistic and Cost Effective Tabletop Exercise

Instructor: Regina Phelps
  The instructor has teamed up with Business Recovery Managers Association (BRMA) to create a highly interactive advanced tabletop exercise. This mock disaster will focus real life, economical ways you can make an exercise exciting and realistic for your company. The theme of the exercise will be a major regional earthquake affecting the Bay Area.

As a workshop participants, you will play one of two roles: either a company representative tasked with managing this major disaster or a simulator who will "represent everything in the world" to the struggling company. Either way, this is a mock disaster you won't forget! Participants of this workshop will walk out with a complete exercise underneath their arm, ready to do at their company and a guaranteed incredible experience under their belt! Sign up early; seating is limited.
 
   
  Schedule At A Glance
  Plenary Sessions
  Policy Events
  Tutorials
  Field Trips
  Sessions
  Social Events
  Presentation Instructions
  ABAG General Assembly
Convened
Jointly by:
DRC Seismological Society of America EERI For Addtional Centennial Related Events:
 
An Affiliation of Earthquake Scientists, Engineers, and Emergency Managers.